The card game called Blackjack was not invented by one person. The beginnings and its history are still debated. The game began long time ago and the virtual world of the Internet keeps maintaining and changing it even today.
The beginnings of blackjack
There is a theory that says the Romans played a game similar to the blackjack game people play today. They were using pieces of wood with different values. Although Romans liked a lot the gambling games, this theory is not yet supported by proven facts.
The general consensus is that Blackjack’s history began in France. It evolved from the games Chemin de fer and French ferm. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, it was already played in French casinos as “Vingt-et-one” meaning 21. Another version of the game has prevailed in Spain, where it was played not using 21, but 31.
One of the first written references that demonstrate the presence of this game in the Iberian peninsula from early times can be found in a novel written by Miguel de Cervantes, known for his passion for gambling.
Blackjack in the U.S.A
During the American colonization, the game 21 and the roulette reached the American continent and became very popular. The name Blackjack was chosen in Nevada, where gambling was first legalized. It was the name of a bet that the casino was using to attract more players. Although the particular bet did not last long, the new name of the game became widespread and was preserved until today.
In the mid-20th century, the pioneers of blackjack began using computers, a thing legal at that time. Thus, they tried to increase their advantage more and more. In response, the casinos have introduced a number of measures to reduce the chances of winning, increasing the profits of their casino. Later, they banned computers, began using machines to mix the cards and introduced several sets of books.
In 1962, Eward O. Thorp was the first to develop a technique for counting the cards without the need of a computer. He wrote and even published a book on blackjack techniques. American casinos hated the book, because the number of intelligent players began to grow. Their mode of defense was to change the rules. However, this has also experienced a wave of resistance and a significant loss of visitors, thus, of profits. Eventually, they accepted the original rules of the game, which are still valid nowadays.
At the end of last century, casino games began making the transition to the Internet. Here you will find many versions for blackjack, but also all sorts of online table games. Some casino softwares can be downloaded and installed on the computer, other can be played online, without downloading them. This has many advantages – you can play anytime and you can also play for free, just for fun.